Semantic Web 101{Comments Off on Semantic Web 101}

by Jim J
Web 3.0 is the next generation of the web and its aim is to make “common formats for integration and combination of data drawn from diverse sources and how the data relates to real world objects.” It’s all about changing the current model of having one application with its private database and functions and the inability to use that data in other applications. Disadvantages of Web 2.0 are the following: they are subject to abuse (instead they should be like Wikis wear the author can revert to previous versions); they can easily copyright material because it’s difficult to pinpoint who made the update; and issues of privacy- anyone for example can upload a video on Youtube without the subject’s consent.
6 years ago, Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila, laid the framework for the semantic web and presented a set of technologies that made data universally accessible providing solutions such as

  1. Presenting common language for representing data that could be understood by all kinds of software agents
  2. Ontology that…translate information from disparate databases into common terms
  3. Reasoning software that would be able to interpret the data

This combination can analyze text, images, video, and all data on the web.

It’s already being used by many major companies, and unlike Web 2.0 which drastically differs in it UI with Web 1.0, the semantic web more of works behind the scenes and instead it more of enhances web 2.0. DBPedia is a real world example of Web 3.0 in health care that’s goal is to make more specific searches with Wikipedia’s thousands of articles with queries like “Find me all the films nominated for a best picture academy award before 1990 that ran longer than three hours.” And in regards to privacy, software that links databases like Sapphire would have to honor privacy rules of both databases.

Essentially, Web 3.0 will include a variety of enhancements to Web 2.0, some of which are already in place, but the essential components of which should be noted and learned about that though mainly affects web developers, affects database administrators (databases will be linked) as well as programmers in the coming years in order to stay competitive in the market.

Agarwal, P.R.; , “Semantic Web in Comparison to Web 2.0,” Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS), 2012 Third International Conference on , vol., no., pp.558-563, 8-10 Feb. 2012
doi: 10.1109/ISMS.2012.49